Request for Comments: 8454
Information Model for Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN)
This document provides an information model for Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN).
Status of This Memo
This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes.
This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Not all documents approved by the IESG are candidates for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841.
Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8454.
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2. ACTN Common Interfaces Information Model . . . . . . . . . . 5 3. Virtual Network Primitives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.1. VN Instantiate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.2. VN Modify . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.3. VN Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.4. VN Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.5. VN Compute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.6. VN Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4. TE Primitives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4.1. TE Instantiate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.2. TE Modify . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.3. TE Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.4. TE Topology Update (for TE Resources) . . . . . . . . . . 9 4.5. Path Compute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. VN Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5.1. VN Identifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5.2. VN Service Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 5.3. VN Endpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5.4. VN Objective Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 5.5. VN Action Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 5.6. VN Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.7. VN Member . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.7.1. VN Computed Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.7.2. VN Service Preference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 6. TE Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 6.1. TE Tunnel Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 7. Mapping of VN Primitives with VN Objects . . . . . . . . . . 19 8. Mapping of TE Primitives with TE Objects . . . . . . . . . . 20 9. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
This document provides an information model for Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN). The information model described in this document covers the interface requirements identified in the ACTN Framework document [RFC8453].
The ACTN reference architecture [RFC8453] identifies a three-tier control hierarchy comprising the following as depicted in Figure 1:
o Customer Network Controllers (CNCs)
o Multi-Domain Service Coordinator (MDSC)
o Provisioning Network Controllers (PNCs)
+-------+ +-------+ +-------+ | CNC-A | | CNC-B | | CNC-C | +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ \ | / ------------ | CMI ------------- \ | / +----------------------+ | MDSC | +----------------------+ / | \ ------------ | MPI ------------- / | \ +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ | PNC | | PNC | | PNC | +-------+ +-------+ +-------+
Figure 1: A Three-Tier ACTN Control Hierarchy
The two interfaces with respect to the MDSC, one north of the MDSC and the other south of the MDSC, are referred to as "CMI" (CNC-MDSC Interface) and "MPI" (MDSC-PNC Interface), respectively. This document models these two interfaces and derivative interfaces thereof (e.g., MDSC-to-MDSC in a hierarchy of MDSCs) as a single common interface.
The terms "Virtual Network (VN)" and "Virtual Network Service (VNS)" are defined in [RFC8453]. Other key terms and concepts, for example, "abstraction", can be found in [RFC7926].
2. ACTN Common Interfaces Information Model
This section provides an ACTN common interface information model to describe primitives, objects, their properties (represented as attributes), their relationships, and the resources for the service applications needed in the ACTN context.
The standard interface is described between a client controller and a server controller. A client-server relationship is recursive between a CNC and an MDSC and between an MDSC and a PNC. In the CMI, the client is a CNC while the server is an MDSC. In the MPI, the client is an MDSC and the server is a PNC. There may also be MDSC-MDSC interfaces that need to be supported. This may arise in a hierarchy of MDSCs in which workloads may need to be partitioned to multiple MDSCs.
Basic primitives (messages) are required between the CNC-MDSC and MDSC-PNC controllers. These primitives can then be used to support different ACTN network control functions like network topology requests/queries, VN service requests, path computation and connection control, VN service policy negotiation, enforcement, routing options, etc.
There are two different types of primitives depending on the type of interface:
o Virtual Network primitives at CMI
o Traffic Engineering primitives at MPI
As well described in [RFC8453], at the CMI level, there is no need for detailed TE information since the basic functionality is to translate customer service information into VNS operation.
At the MPI level, MDSC has the main scope for multi-domain coordination and creation of a single end-to-end (E2E) abstracted network view that is strictly related to TE information.
As for topology, this document employs two types of topology.
- The first type is referred to as "virtual network topology" and is associated with a VN. Virtual network topology is a customized topology for view and control by the customer. See Section 3.1 for details.
- The second type is referred to as "TE topology" and is associated with provider network operation on which we can apply policy to obtain the required level of abstraction to represent the underlying physical network topology.
3. Virtual Network Primitives
This section provides a list of main VN primitives related to VNs and that are necessary to satisfy the ACTN requirements specified in [ACTN-REQ].
The following VN Action primitives are supported:
- VN Instantiate
- VN Modify
- VN Delete
- VN Update
- VN Path Compute
- VN Query
VN Action is an object describing the main VN primitives.
VN Action can assume one of the mentioned above primitives values.
<VN Action> ::= <VN Instantiate> | <VN Modify> | <VN Delete> | <VN Update> |
<VN Path Compute> |
All these actions will solely happen at CMI level between CNC and MDSC.
3.1. VN Instantiate
VN Instantiate refers to an action from customers/applications to request the creation of VNs. VN Instantiate is for CNC-to-MDSC communication. Depending on the agreement between client and provider, VN instantiate can imply different VN operations. There are two types of VN instantiation:
VN Type 1: VN is viewed as a set of edge-to-edge links (VN members). VN Type 2: VN is viewed as a VN-topology comprising virtual nodes and virtual links.
Please see [RFC8453] for full details regarding the types of VN.
3.2. VN Modify
VN Modify refers to an action issued from customers/applications to modify an existing VN (i.e., an instantiated VN). VN Modify is for CNC-to-MDSC communication.
VN Modify, depending of the type of VN instantiated, can be:
- a modification of the characteristics of VN members (edge-to-edge links) in the case of VN Type 1, or
2. a modification of an existing virtual topology (e.g., adding/ deleting virtual nodes/links) in the case of VN Type 2.
3.3. VN Delete
VN Delete refers to an action issued from customers/applications to delete an existing VN. VN Delete is for CNC-to-MDSC communication.
3.4. VN Update
"VN Update" refers to any update to the VN that needs to be updated to the customers. VN Update is MDSC-to-CNC communication. VN Update fulfills a push model at the CMI level, making customers aware of any specific changes in the topology details related to the instantiated VN.
VN Update, depending of the type of VN instantiated, can be:
- an update of VN members (edge-to-edge links) in case of VN Type 1, or
- an update of virtual topology in case of VN Type 2.
The connection-related information (e.g., Label Switched Paths (LSPs)) update association with VNs will be part of the "translation" function that happens in MDSC to map/translate VN request into TE semantics. This information will be provided in case the customer optionally wants to have more-detailed TE information associated with the instantiated VN.
3.5. VN Compute
VN Compute consists of a Request and Reply. "VN Compute Request" refers to an action from customers/applications to request a VN computation.
"VN Compute Reply" refers to the reply in response to VN Compute Request.
A VN Compute Request/Reply is to be differentiated from a VN Instantiate. The purpose of VN Compute is a priori exploration to compute network resources availability and getting a possible VN view in which path details can be specified matching customer/applications constraints. This a priori exploration may not guarantee the availability of the computed network resources at the time of instantiation.
3.6. VN Query
"VN Query" refers to an inquiry pertaining to a VN that has already been instantiated. VN Query fulfills a pull model that permits getting a topology view.
"VN Query Reply" refers to the reply in response to a VN Query. The topology view returned by a VN Query Reply would be consistent with the topology type instantiated for any specific VN.
4. TE Primitives
This section provides a list of the main TE primitives necessary to satisfy ACTN requirements specified in [ACTN-REQ] related to typical TE operations supported at the MPI level.
The TE action primitives defined in this section should be supported at the MPI consistently with the type of topology defined at the CMI.
The following TE action primitives are supported:
- TE Instantiate/Modify/Delete
- TE Topology Update (see Section 4.4. for the description)
- Path Compute
TE Action is an object describing the main TE primitives.
TE Action can assume one of the mentioned above primitives values.
<TE Action> ::= <TE Instantiate> | <TE Modify> | <TE Delete> |
<TE Topology Update> | <Path Compute> |
All these actions will solely happen at MPI level between MDSC and PNC.
4.1. TE Instantiate
"TE Instantiate" refers to an action issued from MDSC to PNC to instantiate new TE tunnels.
4.2. TE Modify
"TE Modify" refers to an action issued from MDSC to PNC to modify existing TE tunnels.
4.3. TE Delete
"TE Delete" refers to an action issued from MDSC to PNC to delete existing TE tunnels.
4.4. TE Topology Update (for TE Resources)
TE Topology Update is a primitive specifically related to MPI used to provide a TE resource update between any domain controller and MDSC regarding the entire content of any actual TE topology of a domain controller or an abstracted filtered view of TE topology depending on negotiated policy.
See [TE-TOPO] for detailed YANG implementation of TE topology update.
<TE Topology Update> ::= <TE-topology-list> <TE-topology-list> ::= <TE-topology> [<TE-topology-list>] <TE-topology> ::= [<Abstraction>] <TE-Topology-identifier> <Node- list> <Link-list> <Node-list> ::= <Node>[<Node-list>] <Node> ::= <Node> <TE Termination Point-list> <TE Termination Point-list> ::= <TE Termination Point> [<TE- Termination Point-list>] <Link-list> ::= <Link>[<Link-list>] Where
Abstraction provides information on the level of abstraction (as determined a priori).
TE-topology-identifier is an identifier that identifies a specific te-topology, e.g., te-types:te-topology-id [TE-TOPO]. Node-list is detailed information related to a specific node belonging to a te-topology, e.g., te-node-attributes [TE-TOPO]. Link-list is information related to the specific link related belonging to a te-topology, e.g., te-link-attributes [TE-TOPO].
TE Termination Point-list is detailed information associated with the termination points of a te-link related to a specific node, e.g., interface-switching-capability [TE-TOPO].
4.5. Path Compute
Path Compute consists of Request and Reply. "Path Compute Request" refers to an action from MDSC to PNC to request a path computation.
"Path Compute Reply" refers to the reply in response to the Path Compute Request.
The context of Path Compute is described in [Path-Compute].
5. VN Objects
This section provides a list of objects associated to VN action primitives.
5.1. VN Identifier
A VN Identifier is a unique identifier of the VN.
5.2. VN Service Characteristics
VN Service Characteristics describes the customer/application requirements against the VNs to be instantiated.
<VN Service Characteristics> ::= <VN Connectivity Type>
<VN Directionality> (<VN Traffic Matrix>...) <VN Survivability> Where <VN Connectivity Type> ::= <P2P>|<P2MP>|<MP2MP>|<MP2P>|<Multi- destination>
The Connectivity Type identifies the type of required VN Service. In addition to the classical types of services (e.g., P2P/P2MP, etc.), ACTN defines the "multi-destination" service that is a new P2P service where the endpoints are not fixed. They can be chosen among a list of preconfigured endpoints or dynamically provided by the CNC.
VN Directionality indicates if a VN is unidirectional or bidirectional. This implies that each VN member that belongs to the VN has the same directionality as the VN.
<VN Traffic Matrix> ::= <Bandwidth>
The VN Traffic Matrix represents the traffic matrix parameters for the required service connectivity. Bandwidth is a mandatory parameter, and a number of optional constraints can be specified in the VN Constraints (e.g., diversity, cost). They can include objective functions and TE metric bounds as specified in [RFC5541].
Further details on the VN constraints are specified below:
<VN Constraints> ::= [<Layer Protocol>] [<Diversity>]
( <Metric> | <VN Objective Function> )
Layer Protocol identifies the layer topology at which the VN service is requested. It could be, for example, MPLS, Optical Data Unit (ODU), and Optical Channel (OCh).
Diversity allows asking for diversity constraints for a VN Instantiate/Modify or a VN Path Compute. For example, a new VN or a path is requested in total diversity from an existing one (e.g., diversity exclusion).
<Diversity> ::= (<VN-exclusion> (<VN-id>...)) |
Metric can include all the Metrics (cost, delay, delay variation, latency) and bandwidth utilization parameters defined and referenced by [RFC3630] and [RFC7471].
As for VN Objective Function, see Section 5.4.
VN Survivability describes all attributes related to the VN recovery level and its survivability policy enforced by the customers/ applications.
<VN Survivability> ::= <VN Recovery Level>
[<VN Tunnel Recovery Level>]
[<VN Survivability Policy>] Where:
VN Recovery Level is a value representing the requested level of resiliency required against the VN. The following values are defined:
- Unprotected VN
- VN with per tunnel recovery: The recovery level is defined against the tunnels composing the VN, and it is specified in the VN Tunnel Recovery Level.
<VN Tunnel Recovery Level> ::= <0:1>|<1+1>|<1:1>|<1:N>|<M:N>| <On the fly restoration>
The VN Tunnel Recovery Level indicates the type of protection or restoration mechanism applied to the VN. It augments the recovery types defined in [RFC4427].
<VN Survivability Policy> ::= [<Local Reroute Allowed>]
[<Domain Preference>] [<Push Allowed>] [<Incremental Update>]
Local Reroute Allowed is a delegation policy to the Server on whether or not to allow a local reroute fix upon a failure of the primary LSP.
Domain Preference is only applied on the MPI where the MDSC (client) provides a domain preference to each PNC (server), e.g., when an inter-domain link fails, then PNC can choose the alternative peering with this info.
Push Allowed is a policy that allows a server to trigger an updated VN topology upon failure without an explicit request from the client. Push action can be set as default unless otherwise specified.
Incremental Update is another policy that triggers an incremental update from the server since the last period of update. Incremental update can be set as default unless otherwise specified.
5.3. VN Endpoint
VN End-Point Object describes the VN's customer endpoint characteristics.
<VN End-Point> ::= (<Access Point Identifier>
[<Access Link Capability>]
Access Point Identifier represents a unique identifier of the client endpoint. They are used by the customer to ask for the setup of a virtual network instantiation. A VN End-Point is defined against each AP in the network and is shared between customer and provider. Both the customer and the provider will map it against their own physical resources.
Access Link Capability identifies the capabilities of the access link related to the given access point (e.g., max-bandwidth, bandwidth availability, etc.).
Source Indicator indicates whether or not an endpoint is the source.
5.4. VN Objective Function
The VN Objective Function applies to each VN member (i.e., each E2E tunnel) of a VN.
The VN Objective Function can reuse objective functions defined in Section 4 of [RFC5541].
For a single path computation, the following objective functions are defined:
- MCP is the Minimum Cost Path with respect to a specific metric (e.g., shortest path).
- MLP is the Minimum Load Path, meaning find a path composted by te- link least loaded.
- MBP is the Maximum residual Bandwidth Path.
For a concurrent path computation, the following objective functions are defined:
- MBC is to Minimize aggregate Bandwidth Consumption.
- MLL is to Minimize the Load of the most loaded Link.
- MCC is to Minimize the Cumulative Cost of a set of paths.
5.5. VN Action Status
VN Action Status is the status indicator whether or not the VN has been successfully instantiated, modified, or deleted in the server network in response to a particular VN action.
Note that this action status object can be implicitly indicated and, thus, not included in any of the VN primitives discussed in Section 3.
5.6. VN Topology
When a VN is seen by the customer as a topology, it is referred to as "VN topology". This is associated with VN Type 2, which is composed of virtual nodes and virtual links.
<VN Topology> ::= <Virtual node list> <Virtual link list>
<Virtual node list> ::= <Virtual node> [<Virtual node list>] <Virtual link list> :: = <Virtual link> [<Virtual link list>]
5.7. VN Member
VN Member describes details of a VN Member that is a list of a set of VN Members represented as VN_Member_List.
<VN_Member_List> ::= <VN Member> [<VN_Member_List>] Where <VN Member> ::= <Ingress VN End-Point>
[<VN Associated LSP>]
<Egress VN End-Point>
Ingress VN End-Point is the VN End-Point information for the ingress portion of the AP. See Section 5.3 for VN End-Point details.
Egress VN End-Point is the VN End-Point information for the egress portion of the AP. See Section 5.3 for VN End-Point details.
VN Associated LSP describes the instantiated LSPs in the Provider's network for the VN Type 1. It describes the instantiated LSPs over the VN topology for VN Type 2.
5.7.1. VN Computed Path
The VN Computed Path is the list of paths obtained after the VN path computation request from a higher controller. Note that the computed path is to be distinguished from the LSP. When the computed path is signaled in the network (and thus the resource is reserved for that path), it becomes an LSP.
<VN Computed Path> ::= (<Path>...)
5.7.2. VN Service Preference
This section provides the VN Service preference. VN Service is defined in Section 2.
<VN Service Preference> ::= [<Location Service Preference >] [<Client-specific Preference >] [<End-Point Dynamic Selection Preference >] Where
Location Service Preference describes the End-Point Location's (e.g., data centers (DCs)) support for certain Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) (e.g., security function, firewall capability, etc.) and is used to find the path that satisfies the VNF constraint.
Client-specific Preference describes any preference related to VNS that an application/client can enforce via CNC towards lower-level controllers. For example, CNC can enforce client-specific preferences, e.g., selection of a destination DC from the set of candidate DCs based on some criteria in the context of Virtual Machine (VM) migration. MSDC/PNC should then provide the DC interconnection that supports the Client-specific Preference.
End-Point Dynamic Selection Preference describes if the endpoint (e.g., DC) can support load-balancing, disaster recovery, or VM migration and so can be part of the selection by MDSC following service Preference enforcement by CNC.
6. TE Objects
6.1. TE Tunnel Characteristics
Tunnel Characteristics describes the parameters needed to configure TE tunnel.
<TE Tunnel Characteristics> ::= [<Tunnel Type>] <Tunnel Id> [<Tunnel Layer>] [<Tunnel end-point>] [<Tunnel protection-restoration>] <Tunnel Constraints> [<Tunnel Optimization>] Where <Tunnel Type> ::= <P2P>|<P2MP>|<MP2MP>|<MP2P>
The Tunnel Type identifies the type of required tunnel. In this document, only the P2P model is provided.
Tunnel Id is the TE tunnel identifier
Tunnel Layer represents the layer technology of the LSPs supporting the tunnel
<Tunnel End Points> ::= <Source> <Destination>
<Tunnel protection-restoration> ::= <prot 0:1>|<prot 1+1>|<prot 1:1>|<prot 1:N>|prot <M:N>|<restoration> Tunnel Constraints are the base tunnel configuration constraints parameters. Where <Tunnel Constraints> ::= [<Topology Id>] [<Bandwidth>] [<Disjointness>]
[<Priority>] [<Affinities>] [<Tunnel Optimization>] [<Objective Function>]
Topology Id references the topology used to compute the tunnel path.
Bandwidth is the bandwidth used as a parameter in path computation.
<Disjointness> ::= <node> | <link> | <srlg>
Disjointness provides the type of resources from which the tunnel has to be disjointed.
Shared Risk Link Group (SRLG) is a group of physical resources impacted by the same risk from which an E2E tunnel is required to be disjointed.
<Priority> ::= <Holding Priority> <Setup Priority>
Setup Priority indicates the level of priority for taking resources from another tunnel [RFC3209].
Holding Priority indicates the level of priority to hold resources avoiding preemption from another tunnel [RFC3209].
Affinities represents the structure to validate a link belonging to the path of the tunnel [RFC3209].
<Tunnel Optimization> ::= <Metric> | <Objective Function>
Metric can include all the Metrics (cost, delay, delay variation, latency) and bandwidth utilization parameters defined and referenced by [RFC3630] and [RFC7471].
<Objective Function> ::= <objective function type>
<objective function type> ::= <MCP> | <MLP> | <MBP> | <MBC> | <MLL> | <MCC>
See Section 5.4 for a description of objective function type.
7. Mapping of VN Primitives with VN Objects
This section describes the mapping of VN primitives with VN Objects based on Section 5.
<VN Instantiate> ::= <VN Service Characteristics>
[<VN Service Preference>]
[<VN Topology>] <VN Modify> ::= <VN identifier>
<VN Service Characteristics>
<VN Member-List> [<VN Service Preference>] [<VN Topology>] <VN Delete> ::= <VN Identifier>
<VN Update> :: = <VN Identifier>
[<VN Member-List>] [<VN Topology>]
<VN Path Compute Request> ::= <VN Service Characteristics>
<VN Member-List> [<VN Service Preference>]
<VN Path Compute Reply> ::= <VN Computed Path>
<VN Query> ::= <VN Identifier>
<VN Query Reply> ::= <VN Identifier>
<VN Associated LSP>
[<TE Topology Reference>]
8. Mapping of TE Primitives with TE Objects
This section describes the mapping of TE primitives with TE Objects based on Section 6.
<TE Instantiate> ::= <TE Tunnel Characteristics>
<TE Modify> ::= <TE Tunnel Characteristics> <TE Delete> ::= <Tunnel Id> <TE Topology Update> ::= <TE-topology-list>
<Path Compute Request> ::= <TE Tunnel Characteristics>
<Path Compute Reply> ::= <TE Computed Path>
<TE Tunnel Characteristics>
9. Security Considerations
The ACTN information model is not directly relevant when considering potential security issues. Rather, it defines a set of interfaces for TE networks. The underlying protocols, procedures, and implementations used to exchange the information model described in this document will need to secure the request and control of resources with proper authentication and authorization mechanisms. In addition, the data exchanged over the ACTN interfaces discussed in this document requires verification of data integrity. Backup or redundancies should also be available to restore the affected data to its correct state.
Implementations of the ACTN framework will have distributed functional components that will exchange an instantiation that adheres to this information model. Implementations should encrypt data that flows between them, especially when they are implemented at remote nodes and irrespective of whether these data flows are on external or internal network interfaces. The information model may contain customer, application, and network data that, for business or privacy reasons, may be considered sensitive. It should be stored only in an encrypted data store.
The ACTN security discussion is further split into two specific interfaces:
- Interface between the CNC and MDSC, CNC-MDSC Interface (CMI)
- Interface between the MDSC and PNC, MDSC-PNC Interface (MPI).
See the detailed discussion of the CMI and MPI in Sections 9.1 and 9.2 (respectively) in [RFC8453].
The conclusion is that all data models and protocols used to realize the ACTN information model should have rich security features, as discussed in this section. Additional security risks may still exist. Therefore, discussion and applicability of specific security functions and protocols will be better described in documents that are use case and environment specific.
10. IANA Considerations
This document has no IANA actions.
11.1. Normative References
[RFC8453] Ceccarelli, D., Ed. and Y. Lee, Ed., "Framework for Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN)", RFC 8453, DOI 10.17487/RFC8453, August 2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8453>.
11.2. Informative References
Lee, Y., Ceccarelli, D., Miyasaka, T., Shin, J., and K. Lee, "Requirements for Abstraction and Control of TE Networks", Work in Progress, draft-ietf-teas-actn-requirements-09, March 2018.
Busi, I., Belotti, S., Lopezalvarez, V., Dios, O., Sharma, A., Shi, Y., Vilata, R., and K. Sethuraman, "Yang model for requesting Path Computation", Work in Progress, draft-ietf-teas-yang-path-computation-02, June 2018. [RFC3209] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V., and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209, DOI 10.17487/RFC3209, December 2001, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3209>. [RFC3630] Katz, D., Kompella, K., and D. Yeung, "Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2", RFC 3630, DOI 10.17487/RFC3630, September 2003, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3630>. [RFC4427] Mannie, E., Ed. and D. Papadimitriou, Ed., "Recovery (Protection and Restoration) Terminology for Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS)", RFC 4427, DOI 10.17487/RFC4427, March 2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4427>. [RFC5541] Le Roux, JL., Vasseur, JP., and Y. Lee, "Encoding of Objective Functions in the Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5541, DOI 10.17487/RFC5541, June 2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5541>. [RFC7471] Giacalone, S., Ward, D., Drake, J., Atlas, A., and S. Previdi, "OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric Extensions", RFC 7471, DOI 10.17487/RFC7471, March 2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7471>. [RFC7926] Farrel, A., Ed., Drake, J., Bitar, N., Swallow, G., Ceccarelli, D., and X. Zhang, "Problem Statement and Architecture for Information Exchange between Interconnected Traffic-Engineered Networks", BCP 206, RFC 7926, DOI 10.17487/RFC7926, July 2016, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7926>. [TE-TOPO] Liu, X., Bryskin, I., Beeram, V., Saad, T., Shah, H., and O. Dios, "YANG Data Model for Traffic Engineering (TE) Topologies", Work in Progress, draft-ietf-teas-yang-te-topo-18, June 2018.
Haomian Zheng Huawei Technologies Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Xian Zhang Huawei Technologies Email: email@example.com
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